While mixed marriages in America are becoming more widespread, those between blacks and whites are still a minority.
Only a tiny minority of white Americans (14%) would be unfriendly to one of their loved ones marrying a Black. A dramatic change from 1990, when 63% of them were opposed to an "interracial" marriage, according to American terminology. And this openness would be shared by all communities (Black, Hispanic and Asian), according to a study by Pew Research Center, published May 18.
It is not surprising that in 2015, 670,000 married couples were convicted with a person of another ethnic origin, bringing the number of mixed unions to 17% of all marriages celebrated that year in the United States, The United States - a record.
Fifty years after the legalization of the marriages between Blacks and Whites, recently mentioned in the film Loving by Jeff Nichols, a page in the history of the United States seems to turn softly: in 1967, alone 3% of couples had spouses of different origins.
Some prejudices persist
Yet, looking at it closely, disparities remain and some prejudices of the past seem to persist. In love, Asians and Hispanic Americans are most likely to cross the border of their respective communities, choosing mainly their husband among white Americans.
This is the case for nearly one in three Asian brides (29%) and 27% of Hispanics. This proportion drops to 18% for African Americans, but the rise is dramatic: they were only 5% in 1980. Similarly, only 11% of white married couples create a mixed couple (compared to 4% in 1980).
Overall, the most common mixed union model includes a white spouse and a Hispanic (42%), followed by "Asian-White" couples (15%). Despite rising social acceptance, marriages between Blacks and Whites are still behind, with only 11% of unions. "Black-Hispanic" couples account for 5% of the total.
The gender, level of education, nationality are other sources of inequalities intermarriage. While one in four newly married black men married a woman from another community, this is true for only 12% of black women.
The trend is reversed for spouses of Asian origin. In this community, 36% of the women who took part in 2015 chose a non-Asian spouse, compared with 21% of men. In addition, graduates, living in large cities, are more likely to conclude a mixed union. Last major hindrance: nationality. Among Asians and Hispanics, people who are not US citizens are much less likely to marry a spouse of another origin.